Measurement, Reporting and Verification

Apart from the project work on capacity building for the establishment of ETS in China, our team is also engaged in the project “Capacity Building for the design of a technical and institutional infrastructure to reach the 2020-targets (GHG-Monitoring)”. This project is a Sino-German cooperation project jointly implemented by GIZ and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). It focuses on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of greenhouse gases (GHG) which is considered as essential for the achievement of the ambitious emissions reduction targets of the Chinese government.

Without significant inventories and monitoring systems there is a risk that deficiencies in reducing GHG emissions remain undetected and the targets for reduction cannot be reached. The government assured to publish emissions data on a national level and data on the absorption of CO2 by carbon sinks every two years. According to the Chinese Government and scientific sources there are still conceptual weaknesses, i.e. these publications are not based on sound data. Indicators and criteria to assess policy initiatives (e.g. in the transport and buildings sector) and their contribution to a low carbon economy are lacking. Knowledge about emission effects of different concepts for regional planning and for the strategic restructuring of the economy is insufficient.

The project supports the Chinese partners in their efforts to establish a transparent and verifiable GHG monitoring system by building capacity as well as providing international advisory and knowledge exchange. At this juncture, national and regional strategies for the implementation of GHG emissions data bases and GHG monitoring systems are considered.

After a status quo analysis in China, policy recommendations for the establishment of a national monitoring system are developed based on international best practice examples. In the next step, guidelines for specific sectors are designed together with the Chinese partner. The dialogue between Chinese and German institutions about guiding principles and methods is supported and intensified by bilateral conferences and the establishment of an exchange platform.

Especially the Chinese ETS pilot regions face increased consulting requirements. Therefore, project activities concentrate on these regions. In order to cope with the specific demand in the pilot regions, a Needs Assessment was conducted. A flexible and practical training concept for the regions has been developed based on the results of this survey.