The project “Capacity Building for the Establishment of Emissions Trading Schemes (ETS) in China” is a Sino-German cooperation project jointly implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of the People’s Republic of China. The project is executed by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) within the framework of the International Climate Initiative (IKI).
The overall purpose of the project is to strengthen the capacity of and provide policy options to China’s key institutions and all involved stakeholders for preparing and establishing emissions trading schemes on regional and national levels. The project seeks to enhance the dialogue between policy makers in national and local government institutions, research organisations as well as private players such as carbon exchanges, financial service providers and industry.
The project focuses on capacity building and technical advisory for the establishment and implementation of ETS in China. The exchange of experiences and know-how between Chinese, German and European institutions is facilitated through advisory sequences and training measures such as study tours, workshops and job shadowing.
- On the local level, the project addresses the pilot regions and assists local institutions in the technical adjustment to the ETS. Companies covered by emissions trading as well as further private players such as carbon exchanges, financial service providers and industry are included.
- On the national level, the Domestic Policy and Compliance Division of the Department of Climate Change (DCC) of NDRC is supported with demand-driven policy and legislative-institutional advice on ETS design, infrastructure and implementation.
Results and Perspectives
So far, the project’s focus has been on the pilot regions, while it is shifting more towards national level support for the establishment of the national ETS. Activities have included technical advice on the design and establishment of carbon registries and trading platforms in the regions. Study tours and expert exchanges between Germany, Europe and China have facilitated the knowledge exchange and allowed Chinese stakeholders to draw on lessons learnt from the EU ETS. Sector specific trainings, such as for the building or cement industries, were organized and the dialogue between European and Chinese industry representatives strengthened.
The project strives to support Chinese stakeholders to draw on the lessons learnt in Europe and to establish a carbon market which suits China’s circumstances. As the national ETS was launched at the end of 2017, future project activities will focus on national and regional level activities.