The Chinese government has set itself the goal of reaching the peak of CO2 emissions by around 2030 and reducing CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 60 to 65% compared to 2005 levels. To achieve these targets, China is gradually establishing a national Emission Trading System (ETS) as one of the key building blocks of its mitigation strategy.
Since the start of the project in 2012, the Sino-German project “Capacity Building for the Establishment of Emissions Trading Schemes (ETS) in China” has been supporting the Chinese government in this endeavour through knowledge transfer and strengthening of the political leverage of key institutions and stakeholders required to develop and operate an ETS. Initially, the project supported the development of the regional pilots ETS. Since 2016, the focus lies on support for the roll out of the national ETS.
The project is jointly implemented by GIZ and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) of the People’s Republic of China. It is executed on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) within the framework of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) that is financing climate and biodiversity projects in developing and newly industrialising countries, as well as in countries in transition.
The overall purpose of the project is to strengthen knowledge, resources and political leverage of key Chinese institutions and all involved stakeholders that are required to develop and operate an ETS at the local and national level. The project seeks to enhance the dialogue between policy makers in national and local government institutions, research organisations as well as private players.
Capacity building as well as the exchange of experiences and know-how between Chinese, German and European institutions is facilitated through advisory sequences, training measures, study tours, workshops and research.
Numerous government officials and involved stakeholders from academia and the private sector have received trainings in which they have gathered and deepened their knowledge. In the beginning, the project focused on the pilot regions with technical advice on the design and establishment of registries and trading platforms. Since 2016, the focus has shifted towards the national ETS. Since then, the project has trained more than 600 people.
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is the German ministerial body in charge of commissioning the project Capacity Building for the Establishment of ETS in China. The BMU is committed to the advancement and strengthening of international cooperation in the field of climate protection and sustainable development. As such, it currently has several different projects under commission in China and other countries to fulfill this goal. Since 2008, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the BMU has been financing climate and biodiversity projects in developing and newly industrialising countries, as well as in countries in transition.
Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China (MEE)
The Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China (MEE) is the leading Chinese governmental body responsible for addressing climate change and greenhouse gas reduction. Within the Department of Climate Change of the MEE, the Division of National Policies and Implementation of International Conventions (Division of Carbon Emission Trading Administration) is in charge of developing and overseeing the national ETS. The Division is also the political partner of GIZ for the project Capacity Building for the Establishment of ETS in China.
National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC)
National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC) is a public institute under the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China (MEE), dedicated to conducting research on climate change strategy and international cooperation projects on climate change. NCSC mainly includes six functional departments, i.e. International department, strategy and planning department, policy and regulation department, statistics and assessment department, information and training department, and carbon market management department, plus the general office (finance, personnel, and administration, etc.), its objective is to conduct research and provide consultation for central government to make national climate change strategy and policy, support international negotiation and undertake international project cooperation projects, organize training and raise public awareness on climate change, facilitate the assessment and statistics research and conduct CDM project and support the construction of national carbon market.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
The federally owned Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is a global service provider in the field of international cooperation and professional training for sustainable development. GIZ operates in more than 130 countries with approx. 19,500 staff members worldwide. We offer our partners in developing, emerging and industrialized countries tailor-made and effective solutions in all fields of sustainable economic development as well as environmental and climate protection. Since 2012 GIZ is commissioned by BMU to implement the Project Capacity Building for the Establishment of ETS in China. The Project team is located in Beijing.
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